The Law of the Land


Various types of laws are in place around the world to protect and enhance human rights. Common law, international law and human rights law are just some of the areas of concern. These laws are often referred to as the law of the land. While the laws of the land are important, they must be adapted to the needs and wants of people in the society in which they are applied.

Common law

During the 17th and 18th centuries, the common law system took hold in the United States. It developed from Anglo-American law, which was practiced in most Commonwealth states.

Common law is based on case law and legal precedent. Legal precedent, also known as case law, is a record of judicial decisions. It serves as the foundation for all common law systems. Unlike statutory law, which is codified, common law is not frozen in time. Rather, it evolves through a series of gradual steps.

Common law is established through written opinions and legal precedent. In general, higher court decisions carry more weight than lower court decisions. It is also important to note that individual decisions have only an advisory effect.

Human rights component

Among the many functions of law is the protection of human rights. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly on 10 December 1948. It provides for the rights of individuals, such as freedom, privacy, equality, and social justice. It has been translated into over 500 languages. It is a landmark document in the history of human rights.

Human Rights have historical antecedents in international legal doctrine and national legal processes. However, it was only in the last sixty years that human rights became part of everyday parlance.

Accessibility and intelligibility

During the last several years, the legal community has paid more attention to the legal language of laws. It is important that the legal text of laws be simple and easily understood by all. Moreover, the English and Urdu versions of laws should be available in user-friendly formats at every government office.

The concept of intelligibility of law is one of the many criteria used in the assessment of the qualitative characteristics of regulations. In the early twenty-first century, this property is starting to be actively used in regulations of different states.

Integration with other ideals

Traditionally, law is conceived as an antidote to force and an instrument of peace. However, the current social and political environment demonstrates that law is perceived as a mere appendage of the governmental machine and economic forces. The law of integration is an attempt to restructure society and create a new overarching authority. However, there are many questions about its validity, including how it is supposed to work in a democratic society. This article addresses some of these questions.

The main aim of this article is to encourage a reflection on the concept of integration in today’s social and political conditions. It is intended to help establish conditions of legitimacy for this process. Currently, we face a multifaceted crisis of European integration. In particular, we need to address questions of whether ideal normative principles are still unsatisfied in the process.